Military Corps Patches

Page 2 of 3
Information extracted from the book
by Barry Jason Stein
Used by permission

The headquarters above the division is the corps.  A corps consists of a corps headquarters, corps troops, and such divisions as may be assigned to it.  The corps headquarters is designed so that a single commander can coordinate and control the combat operations of two or more divisions.

XI Corps  patch
XI Corps

Worn from:  21 March 1922 - 3 September 1942.

The design is based on the "Bunker Hill flag," the origin of which dates from 1747.

XI Corps 2 patch

Worn from:  3 September 1942 - 21 January 1968.

Organized June 1942 in Chicago, Illinois.  Red, white, and blue are the national colors.  The eleven dots on the two dice represent the XI United States Army Corps.  The dice both represent the natural gamble taken by all combatants in warfare and, with the number eleven, a so-called natural winning combination in the game of dice, symbolize a winning unit.

Campaigns:  World War II (New Guinea, Luzon, Southern Philippines).

XII Corps patch
XII Corps

Worn from:  26 October 1923 - 1 April 1968.

Organized January 1934 in New York, New York.  The design, approved in 1923, is that of blades of a windmill superimposed on a shield of the city of New Amsterdam (old name for New York) in the Dutch colors of orange and blue.  New York was the original location of the corps.

Campaigns:  World War II (Northern France, Rhineland, Ardennes - Alsace, Central Europe).

XIII Corps patch
XIII Corps

Worn from:  7 June 1923 - 5 June 1970.

Organized in 1942 at Providence, Rhode Island.  The four-leaf clover is a symbol of good luck and the four leaves mark an "X."  The three states in the corps' area, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, where the unit was initially allotted, are represented by the triangle.  The three sides of the triangle together with the green "X" indicate the numerical designation.  The color red alludes to the first English settlers in Virginia.

Campaigns:  World War II (Rhineland, Central Europe).

XIV Corps patch
XIV Corps

Worn from:  29 September 1923 - 1 April 1968.

Organized in 1942 at Brownwood, Texas.  The shield is gray, and the blue saltire is from the Confederate battle flag indicating the unit's origin in the Deep South.  The cross, forming the roman numeral ten, and the points on the caltrop total the numerical designation of the corps.

Campaigns:  World War II (Guadalcanel, Northern Solomons, Bismarck Archipelago, Luzon).

XV Corps patch
XV Corps

Worn from:  October 1933 - 20 April 1943 (Unauthorized).

The roman numeral fifteen represents the units' designation.  Blue and white are corps' colors.

XV Corps 2 patch

Worn from:  20 April 1943 - 31 March 1968.

Organized in 1943 at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana.  The saltire and chevron represent the roman numeral fifteen which is the unit's designation; blue and white are colors associated with corps.

Campaigns:  World War II (Normandy, Northern France, Rhiineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe).

XVI Corps patch
XVI Corps

Worn from:  3 April 1944 - 30 April 1968.

Organized in 1943 at Fort Riley, Kansas.  Blue and white are corps' colors; the compass rose is indicative of the readiness of the corps' personnel to serve their country in any part of the world.

Campaigns:  World War II (Rhineland, Central Europe).

XVIII Corps patch

Worn from:  January 1942 - 25 August 1944.

Prior to becoming an airborne corps, the Eighteenth wore this patch in the position shown.

XVIII Abn. Corps patch
XVIII Abn. Corps

Worn from:  25 August 1944 - Current.

Activated in January 1942 at Camp Polk, Louisiana.  The dragon's head represents cunning, endurance, and ferocity against enemies and is symbolic both of the strategic and attack capabilities of the corps.

Campaigns:  World War II (Rhineland, Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe), Armed Forces Expeditions (Grenada, Panama, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait).

XIX Corps 1  patch

Worn from:  2 October 1935 - 1 October 1943.

The design of a red mission bell represents the western states, the territory to which the corps was allocated.  The colors red and yellow indicate the original Spanish settlements of the western states.

XIX Corps 2  patch

Worn from:  3 May 1944 - 10 March 1949.

Activated in August 1942 at Camp Polk, Louisiana.  In April 1944 General Dwight David Eisenhower signed a statement stating that a design of "American significance" was desired by the commander of the XIX Corps.  The tomahawk is one of the most American of symbols.  The Indian tomahawk was combined with a peace pipe and was thus ceremonially representative of war or peace.  In the peace ceremony the blade was buried and the peace pipe smoked, while in war it was used as a weapon rather than as a pipe.

Campaigns:  World War II (Normandy, Northern France, Rhineland, Central Europe).

XIX Corps 3  patch

Worn from:  30 January 1944 - 1 April 1968.

This design was worn by most troops after the arrival of the corps in Europe (28 January 1944).  The design was officially approved on 10 March 1949.