Korean War

Page 8 of 10

At the end of World War II, the Soviets occupied Korea north of the 38th parallel, while the United States occupied the south. The Soviets installed a communist government in the north; on June 25, 1950, North Korea's army stormed the border and easily overran the South Korean army. President Harry S. Truman at first limited U.S. participation to sea and air units, but soon was forced to call on U.S. Army ground units. By the armistice three years later, about 5.7 million American service members had served during the war. More than 33,667 U.S. service members died in battle with another 3,249 dying "of other causes."

Commander: Lt. Gen. Daniel J. Petrosky

Headquarters: Yongsan, Korea

Established: June 10, 1944

Mission:

EUSA, as the U.S. Army Service Component Command, on order provides forces to the commander in chief of United Nations Command and the Republic of Korea/U.S. Combined Forces Command. EUSA is the Army component of U.S. Forces, Korea.

Responsibilities:

EUSA provides forces that conduct combat operations, and provides combat support and combat service support to assigned, attached and other forces. EUSA units are deployed as far north as the Joint Security Area at Panmunjom and as far south as the port of Pusan.

People: 35,504

Civilians: 8,517

Active duty: 26,987

Korea WebWeekly
An independent, non-partisan, FREE web on all things Korean:
Her history, culture, economy, politics and military - since 1996

Published by: the Korean Nationalists Association

History of the 76th. Engineer Bn.(Const)

The 76th Engineer Battalion (Construction) was originally constituted on the inactive list of the Regular Army 1 October 1933 as the 4Oth Engineer Regiment (General Service) It was redesignated the 34th Engineer Regiment (General Service) 1 January 1938, and activated 5 March 1942 at Vancouver Barracks, Washington, with a cadre of officers and enlisted men form the 18th Engineer Regiment (Combat. On 18 April 1942 part of the Regiment entrained for Seattle, Washington and boarded the USS St. Michael, for Skagway, Alaska, the famous boomtown of '98. They arrived there on 22 April and the remainder of the Regiment came in on the 25th.

On 1 August 1943 the Regiment received orders to return to the United States. It united at Whitehorse, entrained for Skagway on the 16th, embarked for Port Edward, British Columbia on four small passenger ships of a Canadian line, and traveled from Port Edward to Camp Sutton, North Carolina by rail. It returned to the States a unified organization fused by labor, hardship, and long experience in working together. A goal that bad been achieved in record time had raised its esprit de corps to very high level. Until 10 February 1944 the 34th remained in North Carolina, undergoing extensive training and solving night problems to accustom the elements of the command to night movement and security.

On the 10th of the month the 34th left Camp Sutton enroute to Camp Hathaway, Washington, where it arrived on the 15th. Twelve days later the entire Regiment moved to Portland, Oregon, by truck and debarked on the U.S.A.T. Motorship Pennant, After a voyage of 37 days it disembarked at Darwin, Australia, and moved to its bivouac area 5 miles northeast. As of 20 July 1944 the Regiment was redesignated the 34th Engineer Construction Battalion. Construction work stopped on 20 December and six days later the Battalion~ on board the LST's 680 and 126, and Liberty Ship A.K. Mercury~ was once again at sea The three ships joined a large Naval Task Force off Sansapor and proceeded to their destination via Leyte, Surigao Strait, and the China Sea. At dawn on the morning of "S-Day", 9 January 1945~ the convoy entered Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, Philippine Island. Following heavy Navy shelling and dive-bombing the first elements of the Battalion, along with other assault troops, beached at 12oo hours followed shortly by the remainder of the men and equipment.

Following the Japanese surrender the Engineers of the 34th wound up in Korea where until their inactivation 25 January 1949, they directed their efforts toward building up the country. Six months after its inactivation the 34th was again activated, on 25 June under the designation 76th Engineer Construction Battalion, it came to life again this time in Okinawa. One year later it was to receive the dubious honor of being the first engineer construction battalion to arrive in Korea after the start of the Korean Operations, Reaching Korea in July 1950, it immediately set out to prove its worth. The awards for service in Korea and the previous ones for the Alcan Highway in Alaska are indicative of the standards of service contained in the battalion motto,” To Work is to Conquer”. The colors of the 76th bear campaign streamers for the New Guinea and Luzon campaigns during the Second World War. Its new distinctive insignia, approved in June 1952, is red and silver, the Corps Engineers colors and carries symbols representing service in there two campaign A sea lion, which is part of the arms of Manila, signifies service in the Philippines and the head of a stone war club represents service in New Guinea it’s motto previously mentioned, is "are est Vintere" It would be hard to fine a simpler phrase to describe the activities of 76TH ENGINEER BATTALION (CONSTRUCTION]

BATTLE HONORS CAMPAIGN STREAMERS

WORLD WAR II 'KOREA New Guinea UN Defensive Luzon (with arrowhead) UN Offensive CCF Intervention First UN Counter-offensive CCF Spring Offensive UN Summer-Fall Offensive Second Korea Winter Korea Summer-Fall 1952 Third Korean Winter Korea Summer-Fall 1952

Decorations; Meritorious Unit Streamer ALCAN Highway. Three Meritorious Unit Streamers embroidered KOREA. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation Streamer embroidered 17 October 1944,to 4 July, 1945 Two Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Streamers embroidered KOREA Company A entitled to a Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation Streamer embroidered Naktong and Nam River

Thanks to  Steve Borowski  for the Unit History
Unit: Co "B" 76th Engineer 1964-65

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A Co 76th Engineers 63-64
Click on Photos to Enlarge

                 


                   

         train group

 

Officers and men of the 62nd Engineers stand in front of the first train to cross the new railroad bridge which they built across the Han River at Seoul, Korea. October 19, 1950. Sfc. Albert Guyette.(Army)

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