62nd Engineer Combat Battalion (Heavy)
Streamer Order List

1. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Alcan Highway)
2. American Campaign Streamer
3. Aleutian Islands
4. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Korea) 1950-1951
5. U.N. Offensive
6. CCF Intervention
7. First UN Counter Offensive
8. CCF Spring Offensive
9. UN Summer-Fall Offensive
10. Second Korean Winter
11. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Korea) 1952-1953
12. Korea Summer-Fall 1952
13. Third Korean Winter
14. Korea Summer-Fall 1953
15. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Vietnam) 1965-1966
16. Defense
17. Counter Offensive
18. Counter Offensive Phase II
19. Counter Offensive Phase III
20. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Vietnam) 1966
21. TET Counter Offensive
22. Counter Offensive Phase IV
23. Counter Offensive Phase V
24. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Vietnam) 1969-1970
25. Counter Offensive Phase VI
26. TET 69/Counter Offensive
27. Summer-Fall 1969
28. Winter-Spring 1970
29. Sanctuary Counter Offensive
30. Counter Offensive Phase VII
31. Consolidation I
32. Vietnamese Civil Action Honor Medal, First Class, Vietnam 1967-1970
33. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Southwest Asia) 1990-1991
34. Defense of Saudi Arabia
35. Liberation and Defense of Kuwait
36. Cease Fire
37. Army Superior Unit Award 1995-1996
38. Army Superior Unit Award 1996-1997

 

History of the 62nd. Engineer  Bn.

     The 62nd Engineer Battalion’s origin is Fort Devens, Massachusetts, where it was activated on 21 October 1939, as the 18th Engineers (Combat). In February 1942, the battalion was the first unit assigned to a task force being organized to construct the Alcan Highway, a vitally needed overland supply route. This highway acted as the lifeline for American forces in Alaska during WW II. In conjunction with the 97th Engineer Battalion, the 62nd Engineer Battalion constructed 1,450 miles of a 32 foot wide roadway from April to November 1942 through some of the most forbidding terrain in North America. The battalion was awarded its first Meritorious Unit Commendation for its efforts constructing the Alcan Highway. In August of 1942, the unit was redesignated as the 2nd Battalion of the 18th Engineer Combat regiment. During the winter of that same year, the battalion was deployed to the Aleutian Island of Adak to build a supply base and staging area capable of equipping an expeditionary force of 50,000 men.

    In May of 1943, the battalion was moved to Shemya Island in the Aleutian chain to construct an airstrip capable of launching fighter aircraft. The battalion was later called upon to lengthen a runway for bomber operations against the Japanese assault on  the Aleutian Island. The battalion received an Aleutian Island Campaign streamer for its efforts.

     On 30 November 1944, the battalion was sent to Camp Bowie, Texas. On 8 January 1945, the 2nd Battalion reorganized as the 410th Engineer Combat Battalion. Following the completion of reorganization, the 410th moved to Fort Belvoir, Virginia, where the battalion was placed in support of the U. S. Army Engineer School. On 22 April 1949, the 410th was redesignated the 62nd Engineer Construction Battalion. Sixteen months later, the 62nd left fort Belvoir for Korea.

     The 62nd landed at Ichon, Korea on 25 September 1950, ten days after the initial United Nations invasion force caught the North Koreans by surprise and turned the tide of the Korean war. Nine campaign streamers and two Meritorious Unit Commendations were awarded to the battalion, which completed many major battalion and company sized construction projects enhancing the offensive drive into and the withdrawal from North Korea. The battalion left Korea for Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri in January 1955 and was called upon to assist in converting the installation into a permanent post. During the 11 years following Korea, the battalion remained at Fort Leonard Wood until hostilities erupted in southeast Asia.

     In August of 1965, the 62nd Engineer Battalion deployed to Vietnam. Its first mission was to construct a 10,000 foot airstrip and cantonment at Phan Rang. In 1966, the battalion moved to Long Binh where it spent two years constructing and repairing roads and logistical facilities.

     In January 1969, the 62nd Engineer Battalion was chosen to become one of the most unique Engineer Battalions in the Army. Although it was never officially redesignated, the unit was known throughout Vietnam as the 62nd Engineer Battalion (Land Clearing). Its new mission was to clear away jungle cover used so effectively by the Viet Cong and the North Vietnamese. In order to accomplish the mission, each company was equipped with bulldozers with specially designed blades manufactured in Rome, Georgia and heavy duty protective cages. During the period July 1969 through October 1970, the battalion’s D7 "Rome Plows" cleared 240,000 acres of jungle in south Vietnam while supporting the II Field Force.

    While in Vietnam, the 62nd Engineer Battalion took part in 14 campaigns. During this time, the battalion was awarded its fourth, fifth, and sixth Meritorious Unit Citations and the Vietnamese Civic Action Medal.

     The 62nd Engineer Battalion departed Vietnam for Fort Hood, Texas in October 1971 and was assigned to the 13th Support Command. In June 1976 the battalion was redesigned as the 62nd Engineer Combat Battalion (Heavy). The battalion deployed on 28 and 31 October 1990 to Saudi Arabia to support XVIII Airborne Corps and ARCENT in defensive operations. On January 1991, the start of Operation Desert Storm, the battalion was actively constructing over 200 miles of Main Supply Routes and the largest logistics base used for offensive operations. On 25 February 1991, the battalion crossed into Iraq close on the heels of the 24th Mechanized Infantry Division.

     The battalion returned to Fort Hood on 15 April 1991 and was awarded two Southwest Asia Campaign streamers; the Defense of Saudi Arabia and the Liberation and Defense of Kuwait streamer, making a total 0f 38 streamers on the battalion colors. For it’s efforts in the Middle East, the Battalion was awarded it's seventh Meritorious Unit Citation.

     Since its arrival on Fort Hood, the 62nd Engineer Battalion has provided extensive support to III Corps and Fort Hood. The battalion’s annual construction budget of approximately  $1,000,000 provides for numerous challenging construction projects.

     The battalion has recently deployed soldiers to Guantanamo Bay, Cuba for JTF-160; Arizona for JTF-6; and Bosnia for Operation Joint Endeavor. On post construction operations have included a multi-million dollar range upgrade at Clabber Creek, construction of six metal warehouses, extensive tank trail upgrades, HAZMAT and AAR buildings, improvement of BLORA recreational facilities, Phantom Range upgrades and Venable Village Community building construction.

     Additionally, the battalion has been fully engaged in the training events of range weeks, numerous NTC rotations, ARTEPS, squad stakes, and spearheading the Motorpool Pride project for Fort Hood.

     The 74th Engineer company (AFB,R) is a separate company that was attached to the 62nd Engineer Battalion in 1992. It was first activated on 15 July 1941. They served in World War II in Rhineland and Central Europe Campaign. The unit was inactivated on 31 January 1946 at Camp Killmer, New Jersey. They were reactivated at Fort Bragg, North Carolina on 1 October 1949. On 2 August 1950, the 74th Engineer Company was sent to Korea and served in all 10 Korean War campaigns. The 74th Engineer Company was deactivated on 25 June 1958. the 74th Engineer Company was once again reactivated on 17 October 1992. The 74th Engineer Company has received two Army Meritorious Unit commendations, one for the Alean Highway and one in Korea.

     The 68th Engineer Company (CSE) is also a separate company attached to the battalion since 9 June 1993. The Company was originally constituted in April 1927 as the 710th Engineer Depot Company. Throughout the years it went through many inactivation's and reactivations. Prior to its activation at Fort Hood in 1993, the company last inactivated in June 1976 at Fort Bliss, Texas. Since the 1993 activation the company has done a multitude of missions. The company deployed along the border of Arizona in April 1994 in support of Joint Force-Six. Since October 1994, the Company has deployed platoons regularly with both 1st Cavalry Division and 4th Infantry Division to the National Training Center. The Company is a very coveted asset among the maneuver units

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